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How to do a decline French press

Learn how to do 3 decline French press variations with the optimal form.
Written By  James Jackson
Last Updated on 15th November 2021
A man doing a decline barbell French press

The decline French press trains both functions of the triceps (elbow extension and shoulder extension) simultaneously to deliver an extremely potent hypertrophic stimulus.

Although the decline French press burns fewer calories than the standing French press due to the fact that your legs and core muscles aren’t as active, the decline French press also makes it easier to focus on training your triceps if your decline bench has a foot holder.

If your bench doesn’t have foot holders, then you’ll need to forcefully flex your abs to prevent your body from sliding down the bench, which may impair your ability to establish a strong mind-muscle connection with your triceps.

Decline French press exercise details

  • Main Muscles: Triceps
  • Exercise Type: Strength
  • Exercise Mechanics: Isolation
  • Difficulty Level: Intermediate
  • Equipment Needed: Bar, weights, bench

How to do a decline French press

  1. Grab a bar and then lie on a decline bench.
  2. Press the bar up so that your arms are fully extended.
  3. Bend your elbows and lower the weight slightly behind your head.
  4. Keep going until you feel an intense stretch in the backs of your arms (in your triceps).
  5. Reverse the motion by flexing your triceps until your arms are once again extended.
  6. Perform 3-5 sets of 8-15 reps.

Decline French press variations

In addition to the rope French press and the KB French press, both of which can be performed on a decline bench, there are two other mass-building French presses that you can do with your bench positioned at a decline angle.

Decline dumbbell French press

A man doing a decline dumbbell French press

Performing a decline lying dumbbell French press enables you to make sure that both of your triceps are getting trained equally because you have to lift two independent weights.

The trade-off is that you can’t lift as much weight with dumbbells as you can with a barbell because stabilizing two separate weights is harder than balancing one bar.

This reduced resistance means that, given the same quality of form, you won’t be putting your triceps under as much tension during the decline dumbbell French press as you will be during the barbell version.

Single arm decline French press

A man doing a one arm decline French press

If the decline dumbbell French press provides good muscle isolation, then the one arm decline French press provides outstanding triceps isolation.

Training one arm at a time enables you to establish a powerful mind-muscle connection with your triceps, which in turn helps you to correct your muscular imbalances by giving your weaker arm individual attention.

The drawback, of course, is that unilateral exercises like this take longer to perform because you’re effectively doubling the number of sets when you train one arm at a time.

See our one arm French press guide for more information on this.

Decline French press pros and cons

If you’re not yet sure whether the decline French press is the right exercise for your training goals, learning the pros and cons of the movement should help you to decide.

Pro: Great triceps stretch

A man performing a decline French press for his triceps

When you perform any kind of exercise on a decline bench, the weight always has a tendency to pull your body backward due to the slope of the bench.

In the case of the decline French press, this sloping bench angle means that your triceps have to contract harder to lock the weights out, which in turn leads to a stronger peak contraction and a more potent pump.

Additionally, during the eccentric portion of the rep, the long head of the triceps, which is the only head that’s influenced by your shoulder position, gets put under a deep stretch because, due to the decline angle, the weights naturally pull your arms further behind your head.

This heavy weighted stretch breaks down the muscle fibers and encourages your triceps to grow back bigger and stronger so that they can handle the strenuous tension.

Con: Requires considerable core stability

A man doing a decline bench French press

Unless your bench has foot holders, the decline French press requires a lot of core stability in order to prevent your body from sliding down the bench.

This is actually a good thing if you want to sneak in some extra ab stimulation while you’re training your triceps. However, for the majority of lifters, who’re presumably doing the decline French press with triceps hypertrophy in their mind, the extra core stability could detract from their ability to feel their triceps working, which ultimately defeats the point of this isolation exercise.

Of course, if you’re lifting relatively light weights, then core stability is unlikely to be an issue. But if your triceps are really strong, then make sure that your feet are, if not in some kind of foot holder, at the very least planted firmly on the floor so that you have a solid base to lift from.

Pro: It’s a versatile exercise

A man demonstrating some decline French press variations

In addition to the decline barbell and decline EZ bar French press, you can get similar results from doing a decline banded French press, which is useful for those without access to free weights.

So just because you don’t have a particular training tool doesn’t mean that you can’t take advantage of a great exercise like the decline bench French press. Any kind of weight or piece of gym equipment that you can hold securely in your hands is compatible with this underrated exercise.

The same is true for the incline barbell French press; you can do it with kettlebells, dumbbells, bands, and more.

Conclusion

A man performing a decline French press

If you want to put your triceps under a tremendous stretch and then pump them up with a potent peak contraction, the decline French press is a great exercise because, unlike many free weight exercises, it provides relatively consistent tension levels throughout the entire duration of each rep.

This is because your triceps are always doing some kind of lifting when you perform the French press on a decline bench. Even when your elbows are fully extended, your triceps can’t just rest because the backward pulling force of the weight (due to the bench’s decline angle) is always trying to break that locked-out elbow position.

James Jackson
James Jackson is a personal trainer who uses his expertise in strength and conditioning to create helpful workout tutorials that show fitness enthusiasts how to build muscle while staying safe in the gym. He draws on the latest sports science data as well as tried and tested training techniques to get the best results for his clients without them having to live in the gym.
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